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# Topics Under Logical Reasoning

Reasoning, mildly put can turn out to be your golden goose. You can either score heavily or waste a lot of time and still score less. This section rewards your hard work and training. The more you have prepared, the better you score. Always remember the sequencing of alphabets i.e. which alphabet comes after / before the particular alphabet and you should also remember their numerical position as per 1 to 26. You should make sure you practice each and every concept thoroughly and try not to rush through the topics

Directions (Q.1- 6): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
P, Q, R, S, T, V , W and X are captains of eight different cricket teams, namely Australia, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, England, West Indies and South Africa but not necessarily in the same order. All of them are seated around a circular table and are facing the centre. P sits third to the left of the Sri Lankan captain. Only two people sit between T and W. Neither T nor W is an immediate neighbour of P. Neither T nor W is the captain of Sri Lanka. The captain of South Africa sits second to the right of S. S is not an immediate neighbour of P. S is not the Sri Lankan captain and P is not the captain of South Africa. The Australian captain sit third to the left of V. The Australian and Sri Lankan captains are not immediate neighbours. Only one person sits between S and the Indian captain. Captains of Pakistan and New Zealand are immediate neighbours. S is not the captain of New Zealand’ team. Only one person sits between Q and the captain of England. The captain of England is an immediate neighbour of X. W and Q are not immediate neighbours.

1. How many people sit between T and the captain of England when counted in clockwise direction from T?
1) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Four
5) Five

2. Who is the captain of the Australian team?
1) P
2) V
3) W
4) T
5) Q

3. Which of the following would come in place of question mark based upon the given seating arrangement? VS XR TV RP ?
1) SW
2) WX
3) QW
4) QX
5) VR

4. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement?
1) R is the captain of South Africa.
2) W is an immediate neighbour of V.
3) The captains of Australia and England are immediate neighbours.
4) Four people sit between W and Q.
5) X sits second to the left of S.

5. Who is the Indian Captain?
1) Q
2) V
3) X
4) T
5) Cannot be determined

6. What is the position of the captain of West Indies with respect to R?
1) Immediate left
2) Second to the left
3) Third to the right
4) Second to the right
5) Third to the left.

Directions (Q.7- 8): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
Amongst five friends, each got a different percentage of marks in the examination. Poonam scored more than Ben but less than Ajay. Ajay Scored 70% marks. Shreya scored less marks then only Kim. The one who scored the minimum marks scored 65% marks and one who scored the highest, scored 87% marks.

7. Who scored the second lowest marks?
1) Ben
2) Kim
3) Shreya
4) Ajay
5) Poonam

8. Who is the most likely to have scored 82% marks?
1) Ben
2) Poonam
3) Shreya
4) Kim
5) Either Kim or Ben

Directions (Q.9 −13): Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
(Q.11-13) are based upon the English alphabetical series).
9. 1) succeed    2) victory        3) Triumph      4) compete     5) win

10. 1) Fair        2) impartial      3) indifferent    4) unbiased    5) just

11. 1) KP         2) BY             3) DW            4) HU            5) GT

12. 1) JLNK    2) TVXU        3) ACEB        4) PRTQ        5) GJKH

13. 1) GIJF      2) OQRN       3) KMNL       4) UWXT      5) CEFB

Directions (Q.14 −18): Read each of the following statements carefully and answer the questions:
14. Which of the expressions will be true if the given expression is definitely true?
A > B ≥ C < D < E’
1) A ≥ C
2) E > C 3) D ≥ B
4) A > D
5) None of these

15. If the expression given are true, which of the following conclusions will be definitely false?
E < J ≤ H > Z’, ‘H ≤ Y’ and E > F’
1) F < Y
2) Y > E
3) F < H
4) J ≤ Y
5) All are true

16.Which of the following symbols should replace the question mark in the given expression in order to make the expressions K ≤ H’ and M > J’ definitely true?
H ≥ I = J ? K ≤ L < M
1) >
2) ≥
3) ≤
4) Either < or ≤
5) =

17. In which of the following expressions will the expression P > S’ is definitely false?
1) P > Q ≥ R = S
2) S ≤ R ≤ Q < P
3) R = P > Q ≥ S
4) S > Q ≥ R < P
5) S < Q ≥ R < P

18. Which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively (in the same order from the left to right) in order to complete the given expression in such a manner that N < K’ definitely holds true?
K ……….. L ……….. M ……….. N
1) ≥, =, >
2) ≤, <, =
3) ≥, =, <
4) >, ≥, <
5) None of these

Directions (Q.19 − 20): In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. Given answer
1) If only conclusion I follows
2) If only conclusion II follows
3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
5) If both conclusions I and conclusion II follows.

(Q.19-20):
Statements: All buildings are houses.
No house is an apartment.
All apartments are flats.

19. Conclusions:
I. No flat is a house.
II. No building is an apartment.

20. Conclusions:
I. All buildings being flats is a possibility.
II. All apartments being building is a possibility