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Health and Hygiene Information

[1] What type of material are most toilets made of?
A. glass
B. cement
C. porcelain
D. All of them
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[2] How is it possible to flush a toilet if there is no water in the toilet tank?
A. Fill the bowl with two cups of water.
B. Pour a bucket of water into the bowl.
C. It impossible to flush without water in the tank.
D. All of them
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[3] After flushing the toilet, where does the water and waste go?
A. into a holding tank
B. into a sewerage system
C. both of the above
D. None
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[4] The toilet tank acts as a ____________.
A. bucket
B. receptacle for waste
C. neither answer
D. both
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[5] What is the purpose of the toilet tank float?
A. prevent an overflow
B. turn the water on/off
C. flush the toilet
D. None
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[6] What happens when you flush a toilet?
A. The flush valve is lifted and water fills the bowl.
B. The flush valve is lowered and the water stops.
C. The flush valve is lowered and water fills the bowl.
D. None
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[7] What would happen if the toilet float malfunctioned and the water kept flowing?
A. There would be a flood.
B. The water would flow into the refill tube, preventing a flood.
C. The water would turn off when the water level reached the tank lid.
D. None
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[8] Why is porcelain a suitable material for the construction of toilets?
A. Porcelain is a hard material.
B. Porcelain is a non-porous material.
C. Porcelain is a hard, non-porous material.
D. None
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[9] What is the time necessary for a toilet tank to fill with water?
A. 10-20 seconds
B. 20-30 seconds
C. 30-60 seconds
D. None
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[10] Why does the toilet bowl water level stay the same regardless of how much waste is deposited?
A. There is an overflow safety mechanism.
B. The water level is maintained by the siphon.
C. The water will rise and overflow if enough water is added.
D. None
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[11] What is the purpose of the holes under the toilet bowl rim?
A. The holes are to keep the toilet clean.
B. The holes are to drain water from the rim into the toilet bowl.
C. The holes are to pump air into the toilet bowl.
D. None
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[12] Which part of the toilet allows water to pass from the tank into the bowl?
A. flush valve
B. push handle
C. siphon tube
D. None
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[13] All toilets have ________ main components.
A. two
B. three
C. four
D. All of them
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[14] If you plan to replace an old toilet with a newer model, why must you measure the distance from the wall to the toilet floor bolts?
A. Toilets come in different sizes.
B. You need to know how much piping to buy.
C. both
D. Neither answer is correct.
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[15] What is an important material between some toilets and the bathroom floor?
A. caulking
B. wax seal
C. Both
D. no material
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[16] After a toilet is flushed, what must happen to the flush valve?
A. The flush valve stays in the up position.
B. The flush valve returns to the down position and covers the drain hole.
C. The flush valve does not move.
D. None
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[17] When replacing an old toilet, what designer option do you have?
A. size
B. colour
C. both of them
D. no options
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[18] Which of these major illness is caused due to non availability of sanitation facilities?
A. Fever
B. Cold
C. Diarrhoea
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[19] When should one wash hands?
A. Before and after having meal
B. After using toilet
C. Before preparing food
D. After playing with a pet
E. All the above
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[20] How long approximately should you wash your hands?
A. 20 sec
B. 5 sec
C. 1 min
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[21] What is the single most effective way to prevent the transmission of disease?
A. Antibiotics
B. Hand washing with water only
C. Hand washing with soap and water
D. No way
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[22] At least how many times should one wash teeth?
A. Once a day
B. Twice a day
C. Thrice a day
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[23] What is reason for drying your hands after washing them?
A. So that you don’t drip water everywhere.
B. Because germs and bacteria are more easily spread with wet hands.
C. Your hands are slippery when wet, and you will not be able to hold kitchen utensils properly.
D. All the above.
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[24] Which of the following is true about bacteria?
A. Bacteria multiplies and grows faster in warm environments.
B. Bacteria needs air to survive.
C. Every type of bacteria can give people food poisoning.
D. By freezing food you can kill bacteria.
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[25] Which of the following does bacteria need to assist it to grow and multiply?
A. Water.
B. Food.
C. Warm temperatures.
D. All the above.
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[26] How can you tell if food has enough bacteria to cause food poisoning?
A. It will smell.
B. You can’t, it will appear normal.
C. It will have a different colour.
D. It will taste different.
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[27] Washing my hands should be:
A. Mostly avoided
B. Only done when they look dirty
C. A habit that I do often
D. None of the above
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[28] Viruses are:
A. Complete saprophytes
B. Partial parasites
C. Partial saprophytes
D. Total Parasites
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[29] The smallest form of bacteria is called:
A. Vibrio
B. Cocci
C. Bacilli
D. Spirilla
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[30] Which one of the following disease is caused by bacteria:
A. Tuberculosis
B. Small Pox
C. Rabies
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[31] Expanded form of HIV is:
A. Human immunity deficiency virus
B. Human immune deficiency syndrome virus
C. None of these
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[32] Normal temperature of human body is:
A. 40.5 F
B. 36.9 F
C. 98.6F
D. 82.4 F
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[33] Strongest muscles of man are found in:
A. Wrist
B. Finger
C. Jaw
D. Leg
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[34] Which one of the following is a water borne disease?
A. Influenza
B. Small pox
C. Malaria
D. Cholera
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[35] What is the name given to the green pigment in plants?
A. Stomata
B. Chlorophyll
C. Tendrils
D. Starch
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[36] Which of the following type of teeth is used for grinding food?
A. Molar
B. Incisor
C. Canine
D. Milk teeth
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[37] What is the single most effective way to prevent the transmission of disease?
A. Antibiotics
B. Hand washing
C. Condoms
D. All of the above
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[38] What element is added to water to prevent tooth decay?
A. Chlorine
B. Fluoride
C. Sugar
D. None of these
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[39] What uses, on average, 26% of the water in a home?
A. Shower
B. Dishwasher
C. Toilet Flushing
D. None of these
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[40] Which one of the following gases plays a decisive role in affecting the climate of earth?
A. Oxygen
B. Nitrogen
C. Carbon dioxide
D. Hydrogen
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[41] Which fruit is rich in potassium?
A. Banana
B. Orange
C. Pear
D. Mango
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[42] Which one of the following, acts like a fuel in driving the body?
A. Carbohydrates
B. Vitamin
C. Fats
D. Water
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[43] The maximum amount of forest covered area is present in:
A. Orissa
B. West Bengal
C. Himachal Pradesh
D. Madhya Pradesh
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[44] Which country consumes the most energy in the world?
A. Russia.
B. China.
C. The United States.
D. India.
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[45] Most of the urban household toilets are connected to:
A. Underground sewers
B. Septic tanks
C. Dry Latrines
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[46] Which word means ‘any substance that causes an allergic reaction’?
A. ingest
B. fungicidal
C. allergen
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[47] Which two words mean ‘neat’?
A. Unconcentrated, high in strength
B. Tidy, unconcentrated
C. High in strength, tidy
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[48] Who invented the flushing toilet in 1596?
A. Joseph Bramah
B. George Jennings
C. John Harrington
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[49] On 2nd October 2014, a Swachh Bharat Run in New Delhi was organized at:
A. Rajghat
B. PragatiMaidan
C. RashtrapatiBhavan
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[50] How much MLD of untreated water is seeping into Yamuna daily?
A. 925
B. 1225
C. 2225
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Mallikarjuna

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