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Bharat Ratna Awards and Its Recipients

BHARAT RATNA AWARDS


Bharat  Ratna  is  the  highest  national  award  given  for  exceptional  work  for  advancement  of  art, literature  and  science  or  in  recognition  of  public  service  of  the  highest  order. Recipients  of  Bharat  Ratna

1954 Bharat Ratna Award Winners


  • C.  Rajagopalachari  (1878–1972)
  • Dr.  Sarvepalli  Radhakrishnan (1888–1975) 
  • Dr.  C.V.  Raman  (1888–1970)

1955 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Bhagwan  Das  (1869–1958) 
  • Dr.  M.  Visvesvaraya  (1861–1962) 
  • Jawaharlal  Nehru  (1889–1964)  

1957 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Govind  Ballabh  Pant  (1887–1961)

1958 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Dhondo  Keshav Karve  (1858–1962)

1961 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Bidhan  Chandra Roy  (1882–1962)
  • Purushottam  Das  Tandon  (1882–1962)

    1962 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Rajendra  Prasad  (1884–1963) 


1963 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Zakir  Hussan  (1897–1969)
  • Dr.  Pandurang  Vaman  Kane  (1880–1972) 

1966 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Lal  Bahadur Shastri  (1904–1966)  (Posthumous)

1971 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Indira  Gandhi  (1917–1984)

1975 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Varahagiri  Venkatagiri  (1884–1980)

1976 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Kumaraswami  Kamraj  (1903–1975)  (Posthumous)

1980 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Mother  Teresa  (1910–1997) —  1980

1983 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Acharya  Vinobha  Bhave  (1895–1982) —  1983

1987 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Khan  Abdul Ghaffar  Khan  (1890–1988) —  1987 

1988 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Marudu Gopalan  Ramachandran  (1917–1987)  (Posthumous) —  1988

1990 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Dr.  Bhim  Rao  Ramji Ambedkar  (1891–1956)  (Posthumous) —  1990
  • Dr.  Nelson  Rolihlaha  Mandela  (1918) —  1990

1991 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Rajiv  Gandhi  (1944-1991)  (Posthumous) —  1991
  • Sardar  Vallabhbhai  Patel  (1875–1950) —  1991
  • Morarji  Ranchhodji  Desai  (1869–1995) —  1991

1992 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Maulana  Abul  Kalam  Azad (1888–1958)  (Posthumous) — 1992
  • Jahangir  Ratanji  Dadabhai  (J.R.D.)  Tata  (1904–1993) —  1992
  • Satyajit  Ray  (1922–1992) —  1992

1997 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Aruna  Asaf  Ali  (1909–1996  (Posthumous) —  1997
  • Gulzari  Lal  Nanda  (1898–1997)  (Posthumous) —  1997
  • Dr.  Avul  Pakir  Jainulabdeen  Abdul  Kalam  (1931) —  1997

1998 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Madurai Shanmukhavadivu  Subbalakshmi  (1916) —  1998
  • Chidambaram Subramaniam  (1910–2000) —  1998

1999 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Loknayak  Jayaprakash  Narayan  (1902–1979)  (Posthumous) –1999
  • Professor  Amartya  Sen  (1933) –1999
  • Lokpriya  Gopinath  Bordoloi  (1890–1950)  (Posthumous) — 1999
  • Pandit  Ravi  Shankar  (1920) Lata  Mangeshwar  (1929) —  1999

2001 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Ustad  Bissmillah  Khan  (1916–2006) —  2001
  • Lata Mangeshkar

2009 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Bhimsen Joshi

2014 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Sachin  Tendulkar  (1973)  Cricketer  — 2014
  • C. N. R. Rao

2015 Bharat Ratna Award Winners

  • Madan Mohan Malaviya
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Feature: The  decoration  is  the  form  of  a  Peepal  leaf,  2  inch  long,  1–1/8inch  in  width  and  1/2  inch thick,  toned  in  bronze.  On  the  obverse  side  is  embossed  a  replica  of  the  sun,  below  which  the  words ‘Bharat  Ratna’  are  embossed  in  Hindi.  On  the  reverse  are  the  State  Emblem  and  a  motto  in  Hindi. The  emblem,  the  sun  and  rim are  made of platinum.


Discontinuation  of  the  Award: The  award  was  discontinued  by  the  Janta  Government  (Prime Minister  Morarji  Desai  on  July  13,  1977,  and  those  who  received  the  award in  the  past  were  informed that  they  would not  be  allowed  to use  it  as  a  title).


Revival  of  the  Award:  In  January 1980  Prime Minister  Indira  Gandhi  decided  to  revive  this  award. After  the  revival,  Mother  Teresa  was  the  first  recipient.
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