May 8, 2019

Indian History Timeline | Complete Indian History Timeline For UPSC Preparation

Indian History Timeline - Indian timeline takes us on a journey of the history of the subcontinent. Right from the ancient India, which included Bangladesh and Pakistan, to the free and divided India, this time line covers each and every aspect related to the past as well as present of the country. Read on further to explore the timeline of India:

- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (9000 BC to 7000 BC) The earliest records of the Indian history exist in the form of the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka. These shelters are situated on the southern edge of the central Indian pla eau, in the foothills of the Vin dhyan Mountains. There are five groups of rock shelters, each of them adorned with paintings that are believed to date from the Mesolithic Period right through to the historical period.

- Mehrgarh Culture (7000 BC to 3300 BC) Mehrgarh is one of the most significant sites belonging to the Neolithic Age. At the same time, it is one of the oldest sites that indicate the introduction of the concept of farming and herding. Situa ted on the Kachi plain of Baluchistan (Pakistan), it lies to the west of the Indus River valley. The site of Mehrgarh, spread over an area of 495-acre, was discovered in the year 1974.

- Indus Valley Civilization (3300 BC to 1700 BC) The Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in the 1920s. The major eve nts in the timeline of the Indus Valley are given below:

-Early Harappan Phase (3300 BC to 2600 BC) The early Harappan Phase lasted for approximately 700 years, starting with the Ravi Phase. It is one of the three earliest urban civilizations and made use of an early form of the Indus script, known as Harappan script, for writing purposes. Around 2800 BC, the Kot Diji phase of the Indus Valley Civiliza tion started.
Indian History Timeline | Complete Indian History Timeline For UPSC Preparation

- Mature Harappan Phase (2600 BC to 1700 BC) The Mature Harappan Phase started around 2600 BC. Large cities and urban areas started emerging and the civilization expanded to over 2,500 cities and settlements.

- Vedic Period/Age (1700 BC to 500 BC) The Vedic Period or the Vedic Age refers to the time of the compilation of the sacred Vedic Sanskrit texts in India. The Vedic Period can be divided into the following two phases:

- Early Vedic/Rig Vedic Period (1700 BC to 1000 BC) Early Vedic Period represents the time period when the Rig Veda was compiled. During this period, the king was believed to be the protector of the people, who took an active part in the government. The major eve nts of this time are

1700 BC - Late Harappan and Early Vedic period coincide
1300 BC - The end of Cemetery culture
1000 BC - Iron Age of India

 Later Vedic Age (1000 BC to 500 BC) The emergence of the later Vedic period was marked with agriculture be coming the dominant economic activity and a decline in the significance of cattle rearing. The major events are:
- 600 BC- The formation of Sixteen Maha Janapadas (Great Kingdoms)
- 599 BC - The birth of Mahavira, founder of Jainism
- 563 BC - The birth of Siddhartha Gau tama (Buddha), founder of Buddhism
-538 BC - Cyrus the Great conquered parts of Pakistan
- 500 BC - Earliest written records in Brahmi
- 500 BC - Panini standardized grammar and morphology of Sanskrit, converting it into Classical Sanskrit. With this, the Vedic Civilization came to an end




Ancient India (500 BCE - 550 AD)
Rise of Jainism and Buddhism - Jainism or Jain Dharma is the religious philosophy that originated in the Ancient India. The religion is based on the teachings of the Tirthankaras. The 24th Tirthankara, Lord Mahavira, is credited with propagating the religion in the various parts of the world. Buddhism is based on the teachings of Lord Buddha, who was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautama. After attaining Enlightenment, Lord Buddha set on a task of teaching others how to achieve nirvana. His teachings were later propagated throughout the world by Em peror Asoka. The other major events of the Ancient Indian period are:

- 333 BC - Darius III was defeated by Alexander the Great. The Macedonian Empire was established

- 326 BC - Ambhi, King of Taxila surrendered to Alexander, Battle of the Hyda spes River

- 321 BC-Chandra Gupta Maurya established the Maurya Empire

- 273 BC -Emperor Ashoka took over the Maurya Empire

- 266 BC -Ashoka conquered most of South Asia, Afghanistan and Iran

- 265 BC - The battle of Kalinga, after which Emperor Ashoka em braced Buddhism

- 232 BC: Ashoka died and was succeeded by Dasaratha

- 230 BC- Satavahana Empire was established

- 200 to 100 BC- Tholkappiyam standardized grammar and morphology of Tamil

- 184 BC -Collapse of Maurya Empire with the assassination of Emperor Brihadrata, Establishment of the Sun ga dynasty.

- 180 BC - Establishment of the Indo-Greek kingdom

- 80 BC - Establishment of the IndoScy thian kingdom

- 10 BC - Establishment of the IndoPar thian kingdom

- 68 AD - Establishment of the Ku shan Empire by Kujula Kadphises

 - 78 AD - Gautamiputra Satkarni took over Satavahana Empire and defeated Scythian king Vikramadi tya

- 240 AD - Establishment of the Gu pta Empire by Sri-Gupta

 - 320 AD - Chandragupta I took over the Gupta Empire

- 335 AD - Samudragupta took over the Gupta Empire and started expanding it

- 350 AD - Establishment of the Pallava Empire

- 380 AD - Chandragupta II took over the Gupta Empire

- 399 to 414 AD - Chinese scholar Fa-Hien traveled to India

Medieval Period (550 AD to 1526 AD)
 - The medieval period can be divided into the following two phases:
- Early Medieval Period (Upto 1300 AD)
- 606 AD - Harshavardhana became the King
- 630 AD- Hiuen Tsiang traveled to India
- 761 AD - First Muslim invasion by Mohammed Bin Qasim
- 800 AD- The birth of Shankaracha rya
- 814 AD - Nripatunga Amoghavar sha I became Rashtrakuta king
- 1000 AD - Invasion by Mahmud of Ghazni
- 1017 AD- Alberuni traveled to India
- 1100s AD - Rule of the Chandelas, Cholas, Kadambas, and Rashraku tas
- 1120 AD- Kalyani Chalukya Em pire attained peak, Vikramaditya VI introduced Vikrama Chalukya Era
- 1191 AD - First battle of Tarain bet ween Mohammed Ghori & Prithivi Raj Chauhan III
- 1192 AD - Second battle of Tarain bet ween Ghauri and Prithivi Raj Chauhan III
- 1194 AD- Battle of Chandawar bet ween Ghauri and Jayachandra
- 1288 AD - Marco Polo came to India




Late Medieval Period (1300 AD to 1500 AD) 
- 1300 AD - Establishment of the Khilji Dynasty
- 1336 to 1565 AD - Vijayanagar Em pire
- 1498 AD - First voyage of Vascoda- Gama to Goa

 Post-Medieval Era (1526 AD to 1818 AD)
The major events in the post medi eval era are:
- 1526 AD - Babur, the Mughal ruler of Kabul, invaded Delhi and Agra and killed Sultan Ibrahim Lodi
- 1527 AD - Battle of Khanwa, in which Babur annexed Mewar
- 1530 AD - Babur died and was succeeded Humayun
- 1556 AD - Humayun died and was succeeded by his son Akbar

Modern India 
- 1600 AD - East India company was formed in England
- 1605 AD - Akbar died and was succeeded by Jehangir
- 1628 AD - Jehangir died and was succeeded by Shah Jahan
- 1630 AD - Shivaji was born
- 1658 AD - Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal, Jamia Masjid and Red Fort.
- 1659 AD - Shivaji defeated Adilshahi troops at the Battle of Pratapgarh
- 1674 AD - Maratha Empire was established
- 1680 AD - Shivaji died
- 1707 AD - Aurangzeb died and was succeeded by Bahadur Shah I
- 1707 AD - Maratha Empire broke into two divisions
- 1734 AD - Pamheiba invaded Tripura
- 1737 AD-Bajirao I conquered Delhi
- 1740 AD - Bajirao I died and was succeeded by Balaji Bajirao
- 1757 AD-Battle of Plassey was fought
- 1761 AD - Third battle of Panipat en ded the expansion of Maratha Empire
- 1766 AD - First Anglo-Mysore War
- 1777 AD- First Anglo-Maratha War
- 1779 AD - Battle of Wadgaon
- 1780 AD- Second Anglo-Mysore War
- 1789 AD - Third Anglo-Mysore War
- 1798 AD - Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
- 1799 AD- Tipu Sultan died, Wode yar dynasty was restored
- 1803 AD - Second Anglo-Maratha War
- 1817 AD- Third Anglo-Maratha War begins
- 1818 AD- End of the Maratha Em pire and British control over most of India
- 1829 AD - Prohibition of Sati
- 1857 AD- First Indian war of Inde pendence, known as Indian Mutiny
- 1885 AD- Indian National Con gress was formed
- 1930 AD- Dandi Salt March, Simon Commission, First Round Table Confe rence
- 1915 AD - Home Rule League was founded by Annie Besant
- 1919 AD -Massacre at Jallianwala bagh
- 1931 AD - Bhagat Singh was han ged by the British, Second Round Table Conference, Gandhi-Irvin Pact
- 1919 AD- Khilafat Movement, Jali an wala Bagh Massacre, Rowlat Act
- 1937 AD- Congress won power in many states, World War II broke out
- 1921 AD- Civil Disobedience Move ment
- 1928 AD- Murder of Lala Lajpat Rai
- 1942 AD - Quit India Movement, Rise of Subhash Chandra Bose
- 1922 AD- Quit India Movement sus pended after the Chauri-Chura violence
- 1946 AD- Muslim League adamant about the formation of Pakistan
- 1947 AD - India gained independence and witnessed partition .

0 Comments

Advertisements

Andhra Pradesh Jobs Updates


Telangana Job Updates


Govt. Jobs


Private Jobs


Bank Jobs Updates


Latest Railway Jobs


Latest Faculty Jobs


Defence / Police Jobs


Latest Walk in Interview's


Job Mela


Current Affairs


General Knowledge