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What is the Difference between Vitamins and Minerals


What is the Difference between Vitamins and Minerals కోసం చిత్ర ఫలితం


Vitamins and Minerals Balance Diet:-
It means a diet which contains right amount and types of foods and drink to provide essential nutrients and energy required for proper development of the body cells, tissue and organs. Balance diet should contain right amount of vitamins and minerals for overall development of the body.  

Vitamins:  Vitamins are organic compounds required in small quantities for optimal health. It enhances the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Vitamins are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells, tissues and bones. Vitamins cannot be synthesized / produced by the human body, thus, our diet must contain vitamins.





Vitamins are further Divided into Two Groups  ::- 
(1) Fat soluble vitamins, and
(2) Water soluble vitamins. Fat soluble vitamins – A, D, E and K. Water soluble vitamins – Vitamin-B complex (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12), C and Folic acid.

Minerals: Minerals are also essential for proper development of the body. Minerals helps in building strong teeth and bones, skin, hair, proper function of nerves, muscle contraction, maintains heart functions, etc.

VITAMINS AND MINERAL DEFICIENCY DISEASES 

1. Anaemia ::  It is caused due to deficiency of mineral Iron.

2. Ariboflavinosis ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B2.

3. BeriBeri ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B.

4. Goitre  ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Iodine.





5. Impaired Clotting of the Blood ::   It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin K.

6. Kwashiorkor  ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Protein.

7. Night Blindness  ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A.

8. Osteoporosis ::  It is caused due to deficiency of mineral Calcium.

9. Rickets   ::  It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin D.

10. Scurvy ::   It is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin C.

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Mallikarjuna

Mallikarjuna

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