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REASONING ABILITY QUESTIONS FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMS

1. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ORGANISED each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?
1. None
2.One
3. Two
4. Three
5. More than three

2. How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters ITRM using each letter only once in each word?
1. None
2.One
3. Two
4.Three
5. More than three

3. The position of how many digits in the number 82475 31 will remain unchanged after the digits are rearranged in ascending order within the number?
1. None
2. One
3. Two
4. Three
5. More than three

4. In a certain code MOAN is written as 5%3 $ and NEWS is written as $ 1 @8. How is SOME written in that code?
1. 8%51
2. 85%8
3. 8@51
4.8%31
5. None of these

5. In a certain code language ‘how many books’ is written as ‘sa da na’ and ‘many more days’ is written as ‘kapada’. How is ‘books’ written in that code language?
l. sa
2. na
3. saorna
4. Data inadequate <
5. None of these

6. In a certain code MAJORITY is written as ‘PKBNXSHQ’. How is SANCTION written in that code?
l. TBODMNHS
2. DOBTMNHS
3. TBODSHNM
4. DOBTOPJU
5. None of these

7. The position of the first and the sixth digits in the number 5120397468 are interchanged, similarly the positions of the second and the seventh digits are interchanged and so on. Which of the following will be the fourth digit from the right end after the rearrangement?
1.1
2. 5
3. 7
4. 9
5. None of these

8. ‘BE’ is related to ‘GJ’ in the same way as ‘PS’ is related to
1.UY
2. UX
3. UZ
4. VY
5.None of these

9. Among P, Q, R, S and T, each having scored different marks, R scored more marks than P and T. Q scored less marks than T.S did not score the highest marks. Who among them scored the highest?
1. P
2. T
3. R
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

10.Pointing to a girl, Nidhi said,’She is the daughter of my grandmother’s only child.’How is the girl related to Nidhi?
1. Sister
2. Self
3. Cousin sister
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

11. In a row of twenty-five children facing North,W is fifth to the right of R who is sixteenth from the right end of the row. What is W’s position from the right end of the row?
1. Eleventh
2 . Te n t h
3. Twelfth
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

Directions(Q. 12-14) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions, which follow :
Five plays A, B, C, D and E were organised in a week from Monday to Saturday with one play each day and no play was organised on one of these days. Play D was organised before Thursday but after Monday. Play E was organised on Saturday. Play C was not organised on the first day. Play B was organised on the next day on which play C was organised. Play A was organised on Tuesday.

12. On which day was play B organised?
1. Thursday
2. Friday
3. Wednesday
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

13. On which day was no play organised?
1. Monday
2. Wednesday
3. Thursday
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

14. Which play was organised on Wednesday?
1. A
2. C
3. D
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

16.What should come next in the following number series?
98761234598712345987123498
1. 7
2. 1
3. 2
4.5
5. None of these

17. Each consonant in the word CORDIAL is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabet and each vowel is changed to the next letter in the English alphabet and the letters so obtained are rearranged in alphabetical oder. Which of the following will be the second from the right end after the rearrangement?
1. Q
2. K
3. P
4. B
5. None of these

18. Meena correctly remembers that her father’s birthday is after eighteenth May but before twenty second May. H er brother correctly remembers that their father’s birthday is before twenty-fourth May but after twentieth May. On which date in May was definitely their father’s birthday?
1. Twentieth
2. Nineteenth
3. Eighteenth
4. Cannot be determined
5. None of these

Directions (21-25) : following questions are based on the five three digit numbers given below :
832 965 748 259 614
21. Which of the following is the third digit of the second lowest number?
1. 2
2. 5
3. 8
4. 9
5. 4

22.Which of the following is the sum of the first and the second digits of the highest number?
1. 11
2.15
3. 10
4. 7
5. None of these

23. If the positions of the second and the third digits of each of the numbers are interchanged, which of the following will be the last digit of the lowest number?
1. 5
2. 1
3. 6
4. 4
5. 3

24.If the positions of the first and the second digits of each of the numbers are interchanged, which of the following will be the second digit of the second highest number?
1. 8
2. 6
3. 7
4. 5
5. None of these

25. Which of the following is the difference between the first and the third digits of the third highest number?
1. 6
2.4
3. 1
4. 7
5. None of these

Directions (Q. 26-31) : In each of the questions below is given four statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statement! to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the giver statements disregarding commonly known facts.
26.Statements : 
All stones are poles. 
All poles are desks 
Some desks are nets. 
All nets are days.
Conclusions :
I. Some nets are stones.
II. Some desks are stones.
III. Some days are desks.
1. Only I and II follow
2. Only I and III follow
3. Only II and III follow
4. All I, II and III follow
5. None of these

27. Statements : 
Some mon ths are weeks. 
Some weeks are years. 
All years are buses.
All buses are trains.
Conclusions :
I. Some trains are weeks.
II. Some buses are weeks.
III. Some trains are months
1. Only I and II follow
2. Only II and III follow
3. Only I and III follow
4. All, I, II and HI follow
5. None of these

28. Statements : 
Some stations are rails. 
All rails are rivers
All rivers are papers. 
Some papers are cards.
Conclusions :
I. Some cards are stations.
II.Some rivers are stations
III. Some cards are rivers.
1. None follows
2. Only I follows
3. Only II follows
4. Only III follows
5. Only II and III follow

29.Statements:
All windows are roofs. 
All roofs are glasses 
Some glasses are plates.
Some plates are carpets.
Conclusions :
I. Some plates are windows
II. Some glasses are windows
III. Some carpets are roofs.
1. None follows
2. Only I follows
3. Only II follows
4. Only III follows
5. Only I and II follow

30.Statements: 
All trees are jungles. 
All jungles are houses
All houses are buildings.
All buildings are villages.
Conclusions :
I. Some villages are houses
II.Some buildings are jungles
III. Some houses are trees.
1. Only I and II follow
2. Only II and III follow
3. Only I and III follow
4. All I, II and III follow
5. None of these

31. Statements : 
Some books are calendars?
No calendar is a paper. 
All papers are pencils. 
Some pencils are chairs.
Conclusions :
I. Some chairs are books.
II. No chair is a book.
III.Some pencils are calendars.
1. None follows
2.Only either I or II follows
3. Only either I or II and HI follow
4. Only III follows
5. Only II follows

Directions (Q. 32-37) :
Study the following arrangement and answer the questions given below :
M5%PU2A$43ZEK19QRI@D7F58WN6#V©J?Y

32.Which of the following is the ninth to the right of the seventeenth from the right end of the above arrangement
1. N
2. $
3. 4
4. W
5. None of these

33. Which of the following is the fourth to the left of the sixth to the left of W in the above arrangement?
1. U
2. D
3. E
4. ©
5. None of these

34. How many such symbols are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately preceded by a letter and immediately followed by a number?
l. None
2. One
3. Two
4.Three
5. More than three

35. How many such consonants are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately followed by symbol but not immediately preceded by a number?
1. None
2. One
3. Two
4. Three
5. More than three

36.Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based or their positions in the above arrangement and so form group.Which is the one that does not belong to that group’
1. P5A
2. 4AE
3. QIK
4. F8@
5. VN?

37. If all the symbols and the numbers in the above arrangement are dropped, which of the following will be the twelfth from the left end?
1. E
2. K
3. Z
4. D
5. None of these

Directions (Q. 38-43) : In each question below is given a group of digits/symbols followed by four combinations of letters numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4). You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of digits /symbols based on the following coding system and the conditions that follow and mark the number of that combination as your answer. If none of the combinations correctly represents the group of digits /symbols, mark (5), ie ‘None of these’, as your answer.
Digit / Symbol:
5 @ 3 © 9 8 %8 1
4 2 $ # 7 6 ?
Letter Code : P I MAE G F JHBDNRQTU
Conditions :
i. If the first unit is a symbol and the last unit is an even digit both are to be coded as the code for the even digit.

ii. If the first unit is an even digit and the last unit is an odd digit their codes are to be interchanged.

iii. If the first unit is an odd digit and the last unit is a symbol both are to be coded as the code for the symbol. iv. If both the first and the last units are symbols both to be coded as Z.

38. 9 @374%
1. EMQBF
2. FBQMIE
3. ZIMQBZ
4. FIMQBF
5. None of these

39. 29©$#1
1. HEANRD
2. DEANRH
3. DEANRD
4. HEANRH
5. None of these

40. ?479@©
1. UBQEIA
2. ZBQEIA
3. ZBQEIZ
4. ABQEIU
5. None of these

41. %286$3
1. FDGTNF
2. FDGTNM
3. FGDTNM
4. ZDGTNZ
5. None of these

42. 54#?@6
1. PBURIT
2. PBRUIP
3. TBRU
4. TBRUIT
5. None of these

43. $63©94
1. NTMAEN
2. BTMAEB
3. ZTMAEB
4. NTMAEB
5. None of these

Directions (Q. 44-48) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below : A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H are sitting around a circle facing the centre. F is second to the right of A and third to the left of C. B is second to the left of C and fourth to the right of H. D is second to the right of G

44. Who is to the immediate left of D?
1. H
2. C
3. G
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

45. Who is second to the right of E?
1. B
2. G
3. H
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

46. Who is third to the left of B?
1. E
2. H
3. F
4. Data inadequate
5. None of these

47. What is the position of G with respect to A?
1. Third to the left
2. Third to the right
3. Fifth to the left
4. Fourth to the right
5. Fifth to the right

48. In which of the following combinations is the third person sitting in between the first and the second persons?
1. BGC
2. EFB
3. DAH
4. AEF
5. GCD

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