# Logical Reasoning (Statements & Conclusions)

#### ByMallikarjuna

Apr 24, 2017

Question follows a statement along with 2 or 3 assumptions. We have to identify which assumption is very strong.

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

1. Statement: Ruthwik left for Hyderabad on Tuesday by train to attend a function to be held on friday at his uncle’s house in Warangal.
Assumptions:
I. Ruthwik may reach Warangal on Wednesday.
II. Ruthwik may reach Warangal before Friday.
a. Only assumption I is implicit
b. Only assumption II is implicit
c. Either I or II is implicit
d. Neither I nor II is implicit
e. Both I and II implicit

2. Statement: The state government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.
Assumptions:
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The Eligible candidates may not be interested to apply has the government may not finally appoint such a large number of Primary school teachers.
a. If only assumption I is implicit
b. If only assumption II is implicit
c. If either I or II is implicit
d. If either I nor II is implicit
e. If both I and II are implicit

3. Statement: “If you trouble me, I will slap you.”- A mother warns her child.
Assumptions:
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.
a. If only assumption I is implicit
b. If only assumption II is implicit
c. If either I or II is implicit
d. If either I nor II is implicit
e. If both I and II are implicit

4. Statement: ‘If you want to give any advertisement, give it in the newspaper’ Ammu tells Kanna.
Assumptions:
I. Kanna wants to publicise his products
II. Newspaper The Hindu has a wide circulation.
a. Only assumption I is implicit
b. Only assumption II is implicit
c. Either I or II is implicit
d. Neither I nor II is implicit
e. Both I and II implicit

5. Statement: The company has decided to increase the price of all its products to takle the precarious financial position.
Assumptions:
I. The company may be able to wipe out the entire loses incurred earlier by this decision.
II. The buyers may continue to buy its products even after its increase.
III. The company has adequate resources to continue production for few more months.
a. None is implicit
b. Only II and III are implicit
c. Only I and II are implicit
d. Only II is implicit e. None of these

6. Statement: Apart from the entertainment value of television, its educational value cannot be ignored.

Assumptions:
I. People take television to be a means of entertainment only.
II. The educational value of television is not realised properly.
a. If only assumption I is implicit
b. If only assumption II is implicit
c. If either I or II is implicit
d. If either I nor II is implicit
e. If both I and II are implicit

7. Statement: Today I must satisfy myself only by looking at a pink headed duck in an encyclopaedia.

Assumptions:
I. Pink headed ducks are so good as extinct now.
II. People refer to encyclopaedia to know only about things which do not exist now.
a. Only assumption I is implicit
b. Only assumption II is implicit
c. Either I or II is implicit
d. Neither I nor II is implicit
e. Both I and II implicit

8. Statement: The first step in treating addicts is to re-establish their lost ties, for which a continuous personal attention should be paid to the addicts under treatment.
Assumptions:
I. Addicts under treatment respond better when shown personal interest.
II. Addiction and strained relationships are imtimately connected.
a. If only assumption I is implicit
b. If only assumption II is implicit
c. If either I or II is implicit
d. If either I nor II is implicit
e. If both I and II are implicit

9. Statement: If he is intelligent, he will pass the examination.
Assumptions:
I. To pass, he must be intelligent.
II. He will pass the examination.
a. Only assumption I is implicit
b. Only assumption II is implicit
c. Either I or II is implicit
d. Neither I nor II is implicit
e. Both I and II implicit

Assumptions:
I. I am not a mad man
II. I am a mad man
a. If only assumption I is implicit
b. If only assumption II is implicit
c. If either I or II is implicit
d. If either I nor II is implicit
e. If both I and II are implicit

Statements & Conclusions

Statement:
A statement is a formal account of certain facts, views, problems or situations expressed in words.
Conclusion: A conclusion is a belief or an opinion that is the result of reasoning out a given statement. It can also be defined as a proposition in an argument to which other propositions in the argument gives support.

Question follows a statement by 2 or 3 conclusions.From the given statement we have to recognised what kind of final conclusion can be delivered.

1. Statement: Money plays a vital role in securities.
Conclusion:
I. The poor can never become politicians.
II. All the rich men take part in politics.
a. If only conclusion I follows
b. If only conclusion II follows
c. If either I or II follows
d. If either I nor II follows
e. If both I and II follow.

2. Statement: Vegetable prices are soaring in the market
Conclusion:
I. Vegetables are becoming a rare commodity.
II. People cannot eat vegetables.
a. If only conclusion I follows
b. If only conclusion II follows
c. If either I or II follows
d. If either I nor II follows
e. If both I and II follow.

3. Statement: Women’s organisations in India have welcomed the amendment of the Industrial Employment Rules 1946 to curb sexual harassment at the work place.
Conclusion:
I. Sexual harassment of women at work place is more prevalent in India as compared to other developed countries.
II. Many organisations in India will stop recruiting women to avoid such problems.
a. If only conclusion I follows
b. If only conclusion II follows
c. If either I or II follows
d. If either I nor II follows
e. If both I and II follow.

4. Statement: Nation X faced growing international opposition for its decision to explode eight nuclear weapons at its test site.
Conclusion:
I. The citizens of the nation favoured the decision.
II. Some powerful countries do not want other nations to become as powerful as they are.
a. If only conclusion I follows
b. If only conclusion II follows
c. If either I or II follows
d. If either I nor II follows
e. If both I and II follow.

5. Statement: Sealed tenders are invited from competent contractors experienced in executing construction jobs.
Conclusion:
I. Tenders are Invited only from experienced contractors.
II. It is difficult to find competent tenders in construction jobs.
a. If only conclusion I follows
b. If only conclusion II follows
c. If either I or II follows
d. If neither I nor II follows
e. If both I and II follow.

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