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English Language for Competitive Exams

Directions : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/ error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the number of that part with error as your answer. If there is ‘No error’, mark (5) as your answer.

1. With the onset of summer we received constantly calls (1)/ from the citizens complaining (2)/that they are not receiving water (3)/ even once in two days (4)/ No error (5)

2. The road shows will be used as platform (1)/ to create awareness among general public (2)/ and tour operations of other cities (3)/regarding the tourist potential of North East (4)/ No error (5)

3. To employ sports persons (1)/ who have excel in international events (2)/ the state government has decided to (3)/ come up with comprehensive sports policy (4)/ No error (5)

4. Animal rights activists have threatened (1)/ to go on a fast if action is not taken against the people (2)/ who killed a rare reptile (3)/ that had entered a resident home (4)/ No error (5)

5. In a smart city, (1)/ all the departments which contribute (2)/ of the functioning of a city are interlinked (3)/ by means of computers and internet. (4)/ No error (5)

Directions: Rearrange the following six sentences(A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below
A) Today it is on the verge of a revolution, with billions of dollars from big banks, private equity shops and pension funds pouring in, driving growth of 30% to 40% this year alone.

B) This demonstrated that the poor are good risks who repay loans on time and getting them together, not only chips away at poverty but also turns a profit.

C) The success of Mibanco has piqued the interest of commercial banks, which had previously shunned the country’s poor.

D) Giving loans to impoverished women to make ceramics or to farmers to buy milk cows were not seen as great business.

E) In 1998, a nonprofit microfinance organization in Peru, converted into a bank.

F) Microfinance was an industry championed by antipoverty activists.

6. What is the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) F

7. What is the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) F

8. What is the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
1) A
2) B
3) D
4) E
5) F

9. What is the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) E

10. What is the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
1) A
2) B
3) C
4) D
5) E

Directions : Each question below has a blank/ two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the word/ set of words from the five options for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
11. Although some said he was stingy, the rich man was merely _______.
1) scanty
2) economic
3) edgy
4) thriven
5) prudent

12. The Internet is a medium where users have nearly _______ choices and _______ constraints about where to go and what to do.
1) unbalanced, nonexistent
2) embarrassing, no
3) unlimited, minimal
4) choking, shocking
5) multiple, most

13. Their achievement in the field of literature is described as ______; sometimes it is even called _______.
1) magnificent, irresponsible
2) insignificant, influential
3) significant, paltry
4) unimportant, trivial
5) small, skilled

14. What made Dr Stephen’s revelation so _______ to the religious establishment, and so _______ to its ideological opponents, was that until now he was regarded as an ally of faith.
1) offensive, pertinent
2) jarring, mellifluous
3) concordant, incongruous
4) appealing, objectionable
5) odious, relevant

15. England’s international development department – has occasionally been _______ in the kind of economic growth that _______ the poor while making the richest even richer.
1) complicit, strangulates
2) adept, asphyxiate
3) deceit, throttle
4) sham, smother
5) facade, choke

Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
If you had to count every person who lived in the United States, and there were no calculators and no computers of any kind to help you, how would you do it? That’s the puzzle that nineteen-year-old engineer Herman Hollerith was faced with in the 1880s when he was employed by the U.S. Census Bureau. His solution was to invent a machine that stored information by putting patterns of holes in stiff pasteboard-an idea that Hollerith struck upon by observing the Jacquard loom, an automatic weaving machine that was controlled by specially coded punch cards. The machine, called the Hollerith tabulating machine and sorting box, was used to record the 1890 population census and shortened what had been a seven-year job to just three months. Because Hollerith’s machine used mechanical counters operated by electromagnets and circuits, it is considered the very first computer. Go anywhere today – a grocery store, an office, a school-and you see one of its many descendants, such as the calculator, personal computer, iPad, and smart-phone. Though Hollerith retired to work at a cattle farm in Maryland, in 1924 the company he founded was renamed International Business Machines (IBM), which is still one of the largest technology corporations in the world.

16. The author poses a rhetorical question at the beginning of the passage primarily to help readers
1) Understand the enormity of Hollerith’s initial task.
2) Relive the bygone era in which Hollerith lived.
3) Appreciate the job of the U.S. Census Bureau.
4) Acknowledge how important computers are.
5) Interrogate the readers on their understanding

17. Based on the information in the passage what claim is the author making about Hollerith’s invention?
1) The invention of the Jacquard loom was inspired by the success of Hollerith’s machine.
2) Subsequent technological innovations were based on Hollerith’s original design.
3) The success of the 1890 census propelled IBM to the forefront of the computer industry.
4) Hollerith’s mechanical counters continued to be used years after their original debut.
5) Hollerith retired to work at a cattle farm in Maryland

18. The stance that the author takes is most similar to:
1) A computer industry spokesperson telling why innovation is good for the economy
2) A computer advocate telling why the prices of computers continue to fall
3) A columnist explaining the evolution of computer speed and storage overtime
4) an expert discussing how census can be calculated effectively
5) a hooligan playfully inventing a useful machine

19. The synonym of descendants is:
1) Off spring
2) Progeny
3) Young
4) Sapling
5) Sprout

20. The antonym of stiff is:
1) Rigid
2) Severe
3) Floppy
4) Austere
5) Grave

Directions: Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3), and (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrase underlined in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If there is no error mark (5) No correction required as your answer

21. Some of the perpetrators even foulmouth the voters and asked them to leave.
1) Even foul mouth the voters and ask them to leave
2) Even foul mouth the voters and asking them to leave
3) Even foul mouthed the voters and asked them to leave
4) Even foul mouth the voters and asks them to leave
5) No correction required

22. A four-year-old girl had a fatal end, she allegedly fell in an open borewell here on Monday.
1) As she allegedly fell in an open borewell
2) When she allegedly fell in an open borewell
3) And she allegedly fell in a open borewell
4) But she allegedly fell in the open borewell
5) No correction required

23. The campaign on Cancer is focusing on awareness and prevention as many as early detection and treatment.
1) As early detection
2) As much as early detection
3) As most as earlier detection
4) And more on early detecting
5) No correction required

24. Companies often overlook the fact that their success lay in the happiness of not only their customers but also their employees.
1) That their success will lay in
2) That their success laid in
3) That their success lies in
4) That their success is lying in
5) No correction required

25. The passengers were complaining that they have waited for along but no bus had come.
1) That they waited for along but no bus
2) That they wait for along but no bus
3) That they have been waiting for along but no bus
4) That they had been waiting for along but no bus
5) No correction required

English Language for Competitive Exams

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