Current Affairs

Current Affairs for UPSC


1. The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the
a. Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909
b. Montagu-Chelmsford Act, 1919
c. Government of India Act, 1935
d. Indian Independence Act, 1947
⏭ Answer Click Here


2. ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in:
a. the Preamble and Fundamental Rights
b. the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
c. the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
d. None of the above
⏭ Answer Click Here


3. Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty
A. 1 only
B. 2 only.
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2 Solution (b)
⏭ Answer Click Here


4. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?
A. Second Schedule
B. Fifth Schedule
C. Eighth Schedule
D. Tenth Schedule
⏭ Answer Click Here


5. In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?
1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to LokSabha.
3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only’
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


6. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?
a. To vote in public elections
b. To develop the scientific temper
c. To safeguard public property
d. To abide by me Constitution and respect its ideals
⏭ Answer Click Here


7. Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?
1. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
2. To protect the weaker sections from social injustice
3. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
4. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


8. According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?
a. Fundamental Rights
b. Fundamental Duties
c. Directive Principles of State Policy
d. Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
⏭ Answer Click Here


9. In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the
A. Preamble to the Constitution
B. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
C. Fundamental Duties
D. Ninth Schedule
⏭ Answer Click Here


10. Consider the following statements
1. An am endment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only.
2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India.
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


11. The Prime Minister of India, at the time of his/her appointment: (2012)
a. need not necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of one of the” Houses within six months
b. need not necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of the Lok Sabha within six months
c. must be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament
d. must be a member of the LokSabha
⏭ Answer Click Here


12. Consider the following statements:
1. The Council of Ministers in the Centre shall be collectively responsible to the Parliament.
2. The Union Ministers shall hold the office during the pleasure of the President of India.
3. The Prime Minister shall communicate to the President about the proposals for legislation.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1,2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


13. Consider the following statements:
1. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.
A. 1 Only
B . 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D . Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


14. What is the difference between “vote-on account” and “interim budget”?(2011)
1. The provision of a “vote-on-account” is used by a regular Government, while an “interim budget” is a provision used by a caretaker Government.
2. A “vote-on-account” only deals with the expenditure in Government’s budget, while an “interim budget” includes both expenditure and receipts.
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


15. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?
A. The Committee on Public Accounts
B. The Committee on Estimates
C. The Committee on Public Undertakings
D. The Committee on Petitions
⏭ Answer Click Here


16. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India:
1. There is no mention of a No-Confidence Motion in the Constitution of India.
2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


17. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?
1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule
2. Appointing the Ministers
3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of
India
4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 Only
C. 2, 3 and 4 only.
D. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


18. Which one of the following statements is correct?
a. In India, the same person cannot be appointed as Governor for two or more States at the same time
b. The Judges of the High Court of the States in India are appointed by the Governor of the State just as the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President
c. No procedure has been laid down in the Constitution of India for the removal of a Governor from his/her post
d. In the case of a Union Territory having a legislative setup, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Lt. Governor on the basis of majority support.
⏭ Answer Click Here


19. The Parliament can make any law for whole or any part of India for implementing international treaties
a. with the consent of all the States
b. with the consent of the majority of States
c. with the consent of the States concerned
d. without the consent of any State
⏭ Answer Click Here


20. Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
1. A dispute between the Government of India and one or more States
2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the Parliament or that of Legislature of a State
3. A dispute between the Government of India and a Union Territory
4. A dispute between two or more States
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 4
d. 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


21. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct?
a. It encourages the inflow of foreign capital for infrastructure development
b. It facilitates the proper distribution of finances among the Public Sector Undertakings
c. It ensures transparency in financial administration
d. None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context
⏭ Answer Click Here


22. In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national emergency/financial emergency.
2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee.
3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finances.
4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for prosecuting those who violate the law.
a. 1, 3 and 4 only
b. 2 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


23. With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements :
1. The orders of the Delimitation Commission cannot be challenged in a Court of Law.
2. When the orders of the Delimitation Commission are laid before the LokSabha or State Legislative Assembly, they cannot effect any modifications in the orders.
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


24. Consider the following statements; Attorney General of India can
1. take part in the proceedings of the LokSabha
2. be a member of a committee of the LokSabha
3. speak in the LokSabha
4. vote in the LokSabha
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 4
c. 1, 2 and 3
d. 1 and 3 only
⏭ Answer Click Here


25. Which of the following bodies does not/do not find mention in the Constitution?
1. National Development Council
2. Planning Commission
3. Zonal Councils
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


26. Who among the following constitute the National Development Council?
1. The Prime Minister
2. The Chairman, Finance Commission
3. Ministers of the Union Cabinet
4. Chief Ministers of the States
a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 1, 3 and 4 only
c. 2 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


27. Consider the following statements: In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee
1. is constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India.
2. prepares the draft development plans for metropolitan area.
3. has the sole responsibility for implementing Government sponsored schemes in the metropolitan area.
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


28. How do District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) help in the reduction of rural poverty in India?
1. DRDAs act as Panchayati Raj Institutions in certain specified backward regions of the country.
2. DRDAs undertake area-specific scientific study of the causes of poverty and malnutrition and prepare detailed remedial measures.
3. DRDAs secure inter-sectoral and interdepartmental coordination and cooperation for effective implementation of anti-poverty programmes.
4. DRDAs watch over and ensure effective utilization of the funds intended for anti-poverty programmes.
a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 3 and 4 only
c. 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


29. If National Water Mission is properly and completely implemented, how will it impact the country?
1. Part of the water needs of urban areas will be met through recycling of wastewater.
2. The water requirements of coastal cities with inadequate alternative sources of water will be met by adopting appropriate technologies that allow for the use of ocean water.
3. All the rivers of Himalayan origin will be linked to the rivers of peninsular India,
4. The expenses incurred by farmers for digging bore-wells and for installing motors and pump-sets to draw groundwater will be completely reimbursed by the Government.
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


30. Which of the following can be said to be essentially the parts of Inclusive Governance?
1. Permitting the Non-Banking Financial Companies to do banking
2. Establishing effective District Planning Committees in all the districts
3.Increasing the government spending on public health
4. Strengthening the Mid-day Meal Scheme
a.1 and 2 only
b. 3 and 4 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4 Solution (c)
⏭ Answer Click Here


31. India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities. What are the benefits available to them under me law?
1. Free schooling till the age of 18 years in government-run schools.
2. Preferential allotment of land for getting up business.
3. Ramps in public buildings.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


32. With reference to consumers’ rights/ privileges under the provisions of law in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Consumers are empowered to take samples for food testing.
2. When a consumer files a complaint in any consumer forum, no fee is required to be paid.
3. In case of death of a consumer, his/her legal heir can file a complaint in the consumer forum on his/her behalf.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


33. The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in
a. The President of India
b. The Parliament
c. The Chief Justice of India
d. The Law Commission
⏭ Answer Click Here


34. The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States falls under its
a Advisory jurisdiction.
b. Appellate jurisdiction.
c. Original jurisdiction
d. Writ jurisdiction
⏭ Answer Click Here


35. In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)? (2012)
1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national emergency/financial emergency.
2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts Committee.
3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have violated the law while managing public finances.
4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for prosecuting those who violate the law.
a. 1, 3 and 4 only
b. 2 only
a. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


36. Current events related to new Bills, Acts, Policies and related provisions should be noted down. One should try to relate current happenings with provisions of Indian Constitution.
1. Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article21
2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for the
welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275(1)
3. Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243(A)
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


37. Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India? (2013)
1. The Finance Commission
2. The National Development Council
3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development
4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development
5. The Parliament
A. 1, 2 and 5 only
B. 1, 3 and 4 only
C. 2 and 5 Only
D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
⏭ Answer Click Here


38. Here, though Finance Commission is involved in devolution of money it is not involved in Planning process. Many would have chosen (a) as the answer. Neither are the Ministries of Rural or Urban Development involved. ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in: (2013)
a. the Preamble and Fundamental Rights
b. the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
c. the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
d. None of the above
⏭ Answer Click Here


39. The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the
a. Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909
b. Montagu-Chelmsford Act, 1919
c. Government of India Act, 1935
d. Indian Independence Act, 1947
⏭ Answer Click Here


40. ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in:
a. the Preamble and Fundamental Rights
b. the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
c. the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
d. None of the above
⏭ Answer Click Here


41. Consider the following statements : A Constitutional Government is one which
1. Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of State Authority
2. Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty
A. 1 only
B. 2 only.
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


42. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?
A. Second Schedule
B. Fifth Schedule
C. Eighth Schedule
D. Tenth Schedule
⏭ Answer Click Here


43. In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?
1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to LokSabha.
3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only’
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


44. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?
a. To vote in public elections
b. To develop the scientific temper
c. To safeguard public property
d. To abide by me Constitution and respect its ideals
⏭ Answer Click Here


45. Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?
1. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
2. To protect the weaker sections from social injustice
3. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
4. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


46. According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?
a. Fundamental Rights
b. Fundamental Duties
c. Directive Principles of State Policy
d. Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
⏭ Answer Click Here


47. In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the
A. Preamble to the Constitution
B. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
C. Fundamental Duties
D. Ninth Schedule
⏭ Answer Click Here


48. Consider the following statements
1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the LokSabha only.
2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India.
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


49. The Prime Minister of India, at the time of his /her appointment: (2012)
a. need not necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of one of the” Houses within six months
b. need not necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of the Lok Sabha within six months
c. must be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament
d. must be a member of the LokSabha
⏭ Answer Click Here


50. Consider the following statements:
1. The Council of Ministers in the Centre shall be collectively responsible to the Parliament.
2. The Union Ministers shall hold the office during the pleasure of the President of India.
3. The Prime Minister shall communicate to the President about the proposals for legislation.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1,2 and 3
⏭ Answer Click Here


51. Consider the following statements:
1. The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
2. All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the Prime Minister.
A. 1 Only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


52. What is the difference between “vote-on account” and “interim budget”?(2011)
1. The provision of a “vote-on-account” is used by a regular Government, while an “interim budget” is a provision used by a caretaker Government.
2. A “vote-on-account” only deals with the expenditure in Government’s budget, while an “interim budget” includes both expenditure and receipts.
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


53. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?
A. The Committee on Public Accounts
B. The Committee on Estimates
C. The Committee on Public Undertakings
D. The Committee on Petitions
⏭ Answer Click Here


54. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India:
1. There is no mention of a No-ConfidenceMotion in the Constitution of India.
2. A Motion of No-Confidence can be introduced
in the Lok Sabha only.
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
⏭ Answer Click Here


55. Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State?
1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President’s rule
2. Appointing the Ministers
3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of
India
4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State Government
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 Only
C. 2, 3 and 4 only.
D. 1, 2, 3 and 4
⏭ Answer Click Here


56. Which one of the following statements is correct?
a. In India, the same person cannot be appointed as Governor for two or more States at the same time
b. The Judges of the High Court of the States in India are appointed by the Governor of the State just as the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President
c. No procedure has been laid down in the Constitution of India for the removal of a Governor from his/her post
d. In the case of a Union Territory having a legislative setup, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Lt. Governor on the basis of majority support.
Answer Click Here

Current Affairs for UPSC

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