Current Affairs

Economic Development in India – APPSC Group 3 Question Bank


With referenee to the need for planning in India, a book entitled Planned Economy for India was
published 1934. The author of this book was Sir M. Vishweshwariah. The Indian National Congress constituted a National Planning Committee in 1938 to discuss the requirement and possibility of planning in India. The President of this Committee was Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.
In 1994, a plan called ‘Bombay Plan’ was presented by eight industrialists of Bombay. Thereafter, in the same year, Gandhian Plan’ by Mr. Mannaragan, in 1945 the “People’s Plan’ by labor leader M N. Rai and in 1950 the Sarvodaya Plan’ by Mr Jai Prakash Narayan were presented.  The Planning Commission was constituted in India in 1950 as a non-constitutional, non-statutory and advisory corporation.  The Prime Minister of India was the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission. The National Development Council was formed on August 1952 The First Five Year Plan of India began on April 1, 1951.
The period between the Third Five Year Plan (1961 – 69) and the Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-74) is called the ‘Plan Holiday’. During this period three Annual Plans. were implemented. The Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-79) was terminate a year before its due schedule by Janata  Government one year prior to its schedule introduced sixth Plan for 1978-83 period, which was again dropped in 1980 by Indira Gandi Government.  The Sixth Plan introduced for 1978-83 was called Rolling Plan. (This plan was dropped in 1980)
After coming back into power at the Center in 1980 the Congress Government implemented the
modified Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-85)in place of 1978-83 Plan. In the Eighth Five Year Plan (992-97) the target was to achieve the annual growth rate of 5.6%. while the actual growth-rate was 6.8%. The Eighth Five Year Plan was delayed for two years from its normal schedule. The Seventh Plan (1985-90) was over on March 31, 1990. The Ninth Five Year Plan period began on April 1,1997 and ended on March 31, 2002.
During the Ninth Five Year Plan, the revised target of annual growth rate in GDP was set at 6.5%. But actual growth rate has been recorded to be 5.4% Growth with Equity and Distributive Justice was
determined as the main target of the Ninth Five Year Plan. The target growth rate per annum for 10th plan (2002-07) was fixed at 8% but estimated achieved annual growth rate stood at 7.8%. The target annual growth rate for 11 th plan (2007-12) was reduced to 81% but the actual achieved growth rate stood at 7.8%. 12th Plan (2012-17) has target of real GDP growth at 8.0% pa. The Vision of Twelfth Plan is “Rapid, sustainable and more inclusive growth”.
NITI Aayog Replaces  :  Planning Commission
65-year-old Planning Commission has been dissolved and a new institution named Aayog has been constituted by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government, Like Planning Commission the newly established NITI Aayog will also be chaired by the Prime Minister, NITIAayog or National Institution for Transforming India will serve as a government think tank and is meant to reflect changes required in India’s governance structures and provide more active role for the state Governments in achieving national objectives The new constituted institution will provide governments at the central and state levels with strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of policy making, As per official defloration, this institution includes matters of national and international import on the economic front, dissemination of best practices from within the country as well as from other nations, the infusion of new policy ideas and specific issue based support. NITI Aayog will be headed by the Prime Minister, who will be the chairperson

Strategy Challenges  :   Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17)
Based on an intensive process within the Commission, the following “Twelve Strategy challenges’ have been identified to initiate the consultation The ‘strategy challenges’ refer to some core areas that require new approaches to produce the desired results
  1. Enhancing the Capacity for Growth
  2. Enhancing Skills and Faster Generation of Employment
  3. Managing the Environment
  4. Markets for Efficiency and Inclusion
  5. Decentralisation, Empowerment and Information 
  6. Technology and Innovation
  7. Securing the Energy Future for India
  8. Accelerated Development of Transport Infrastructure
  9. Rural Transformation and Sustained Growth of Agriculture
  10. Managing Urbanization
  11. Improved Access to Quality Education
  12. Better Preventive and Curative Healthca

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