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Philosophical and Constitutional Framework of Government – UPSC Civils IAS MainExamination Topic wise Comprehensive Material

Chapter 2

Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government
Salient features and value premises; constitutionalism: Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development. Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism ; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development

1. The prevalence of multiple channels for transfer of resources from the Centre to the States is stated to have compounded the problems of federal fiscal arrangements. Discuss. (2010/30)
2. “Values of Indian administration must be rooted in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. Discuss. (2009/30)
3. ‘The shift from the Nehruvian to the liberalisation model of development has necessitated reinventing government.’ Comment (2008/20)
4. There is constant and continuous collision between bureaucratic values and democratic values which adversely affects development. In the light of this statement examine the role of bureaucracy in development (2008/60)
5. “The basic values ofthe Constitution of India enshrine social, political and economic philosophy symbolizing sovereignty of the people, rule of law and basic characteristics a socialist, secular,
of a  democratic, republic.” Comment. (2006/20)
6. “Culturally sanctioned values and symbols have acted as important influencing catalyst in administration.” Elaborate (2002/30)
7. “Indian federalism is described as federal in form but unitary in spirit.” Comment. (2002/20)
8.. “The value premises of our Constitution in the era of global constitutionalism.” Comment (2002/20)
9. “The use of the word “Socialist’ in the Indian Constitution has become redundant in the context of the liberalization of economy.” Comment.
10. “Reservation policy and its implementation has had some positive in relation to terms on the socio-economic development of the SCs and STs but it is very meagre in absolute terms.” Comment. (2000/30)
11. The Indian Constitution considerably influences the nature, role and structure of Indian administration.” Elucidate. (1998/30)
12. The Directive Principles of ate Policy are socialistic in their direction and content Comment (1997/20)
13 The Preamble to the Constitution is a key to open the mind of the markers. Comment. (1997/20)
14. Examine the motives and intentions ofthe framers of the Indian Constitution as they opted for the system of parliamentary democracy in India. (1997/60)
15. “The constitutional provisions for the appointment ofa special officer for the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes are more investigative than executive in orientation.” Comment. (1996/20)
16. “The first Article of the Draft Constitution of India provided that 1ndia shall be a federation.” Comment. (1996/20)
17. “The Indian Constitution is a bag to borrowed materials.” Comment. (1995/20)
18. “The purists have criticized the Indian Constitution as not conforming to the conception of a federation and so being unduly rigid.” Examine the statement. (1995/60)
19. “The word “socialist’ in the Preamble to our Constitution requires to be defined.” Comment.(1994/20)
20. “In framing a Federal Constitution the Constituent Assembly had many models to draw upon, but it wisely decided to take the Government of India Act, 1935 as the basis on which the new. Constitution was to be framed.” Critically examine this statement. (1994/60)
21. ‘Reservation Policy in Public Services as a mandate from the Constitution has been conducive to the promotion ofSocial Justice.” Discuss and illustrate. (1992/30)
22. “The Indian Constitution provides a mere environmental setting for our politics and administration but the state of conflict arises from the mass base and the elitist orientations of the two respectively.’ Comment. (1992/20)
23. “The fine art ofdeception which the British Practised in the name of”Dyarchy” was too crude for it to pass the test of self-government. It hastened “Provincial Autonomy” but this too did not promote parliamentary democracy of federation. Comment (1991/20)
24. “As the Fundamental Law of administration of the land, the Indian Constitution lacks teeth in its institutional package to realise the land able ideals enshrined in the Constitution .’ Comment. (1991/20)
25. ‘Welfare and development administration calls for qualities different from law and order administration. Examine, in the fight of this statement, the crucial issues in tribal welfare and development administration, highlighting the role of the Government agencies involved in it. (1991/60)
26. “The Preamble to the Constitution of India contains the ideals to be achieved by the administration; the progress in regard to their realisatior has however been halting and patchy, the libertarian ideal on the whole gaining an upper hand over the egalitarian.’ Comment. (1990/20)

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