SBI Clerk

Critical Thinking Questions and Answers for SBI Clerks, IBPS

REASONING ABILITY

1. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word DEVELOPMENT each of which has as many letters between them (in both forward and backward directions) in the word in the English alphabetical series?
1) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Three
5) More than three

2. In a certain code, BEAUTY is written as $ # % 75 and TRULY is written as 7 @ % # β5. How would ALBERT be written in that code?
1) ? % @ β 7
2) @ β % # ?
3) # β $ ? 7
4) ? β $ # @ 7
5) None of these

3. The position of how many digits in the number 6947385 will remain unchanged after the digits within the number are rearranged in ascending order? (from left to right)
1) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Three
5) More than three

4. In the five groups of letters, one is different from the rest. Find the odd one out.
1) Pa Re
2) Qie T
3) Ra ke
4) Pue S
5) Mst P

5. If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the third, sixth, eighth and tenth letters of the word CONSISTENT, the second letter from the left is your answer. If no such word can be formed, your answer is X; and if more than one such word can be formed, your answer is Y.
1) X
2) Y
3) S
4) T
5) E

Directions (Q. 6 – 10): Study the following information to answer the given questions. In a certain code, ‘strong financial economy’ is written as ‘mo tic su’, ‘financial inclusion needed’ is written as‚ ‘da ra su’‚ and ‘economy crisis inclusion’ is written as‚ ‘ye da mo’.

6. What is the code for ‘financial’?
1) da
2) su
3) mo
4) ra
5) Can’t be determined

7. What does ‘tic’ stand for?
1) economy
2) financial
3) strong
4) needed
5) Either economy or strong

8. Which of the following is the code for ‘economy inclusion’?
1) da mo
2) da ra
3) ye mo
4) su da
5) su ye

9. Which of the following is represented by ‘yetic ra’?
1) strong crisis economy
2) strong inclusion economy
3) crisis inclusion strong
4) strong crisis needed
5) None of these

10. Which of the following is a possible code for ‘economy needed recovery’?
1) ra za mo
2) mo ra ye
3) su za ra
4) ye su mo
5) None of these

Directions (Q. 11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the question
given below.

Eight persons P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and Z are sitting around circular table. All are facing the centre. T sits on the immediate right of Q, who is facing Z, R and T cannot be immediate neighbours of each other, P is an immediate neighbour of V, who sits on the immediate left of R, V and W cannot sit opposite each other.

11. Who is facing S?
1) V
2) R
3) Q
4) P
5) Can’t be determined

12. Assuming P to be the first person and moving clockwise, who occupies the fifth position?
1) R
2) T
3) Q
4) S
5) None of these

13. Which of the following statements is true?
1) T is sitting third to the left of V.
2) W is sitting fourth to the right of Q.
3) R is sitting opposite T.
4) V is sitting third to the right of W.
5) None is true

14. If each person interchanges his position with the person sitting opposite him, who will be on the immediate right of S?
1) T
2) W
3) R
4) Z
5) None of these

15. Who sits fifth to the left of Z?
1) T
2) Q
3) R
4) S
5) None of these

Directions (Q. 16 – 20): Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are 
sufficient to answer the question. Read both statements and give answer:

1) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
2) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
3) If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
4) If the data given in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
5) If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

16. A, B, C, D and E are sitting around a circular table facing the centre. Who sits on the immediate right of C?
I. Only A sits between B and E.
II. B sits on the immediate right of D

17. Who among A, B, C and D is the heaviest?
I. C is lighter than only B
II. C is heavier than A, who is the lightest, and lighter than B, who is not the heaviest.

18. Who is towards the north-east of Tanu?
I. Manu is towards the north of Tanu. Ritu and Neetu are towards the east and west of Manu respectively.
II. Anu is towards the north and west of Tanu and Tinku respectively.

19. How is P related to S?
I. R, who is the wife of P, is the younger daughter of J.
II. S is the mother of T, who is the younger brother of R.

20. What is the code for ‘tasty’ in a code language?
I. ‘tasty yummy fruity’ is written as ‘mo ni ka’and ‘always love ice cream’ is written as ‘tic die ra’.
II. ‘fruity is always tasty’ is written as ‘ni su ticmo’.

Directions (Q. 21- 25): In each question below are two statements followed by two conclusions
numbered I and II. You have to take the two given ‘statements to be true even if variance with ‘commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion from the given statements, 
disregarding commonly known facts.
1) If only conclusion I follows.
2) If only conclusion II follows.
3) If either conclusion I or II follows.
4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.
5) If both conclusions I and II follow.

21. Statements: 
All cats are dogs.
Some dogs are pets.
No pet is black.
Conclusions: 
I. At least some cats are pets.
II. Some dogs may be black

22. Statements: 
All cats are dogs.
Some dogs are pets.
No pet is black.
Conclusions: 
I. Some pets being cats is a possibility.
II. No cat is black.

23. Statements: 
Some books are pencils.
No pencil is a pen.
Some pens are copies.
Conclusions: 
I At least some books are not pens.
II. No pencil is a copy.

24. Statements: 
Some books are pencils.
No pencil is a pen.
Some pens are copies.
Conclusions: 
I. At least some books are copies.
II. Some copies being pencils is a possibility.

25. Statements: 
All grapes are oranges.
All oranges are tasty.
Conclusions: 
I. All oranges are grapes.
II All grapes can never be tasty.

Directions (Q. 26-30): Read the following information and answer the questions that follow:
A, B, C, D, E, and F are six teachers. Each teacher teaches a different subject, viz Hindi, English, Maths, History, Botany and Physics, but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them like a different fruit, viz Apple, Grapes, Orange, Mango, Guava and banana, but not necessarily in the same order. C likes Apple butdoes not teaches either Botany or History E, who teaches English, does not like either Guava or Mango. B likes Grapes and teaches History. The one who teaches Math’s likes Orange D likes Mango and A teaches Physics.

26. Who likes Orange?
1) C
2) F
3) A
4) E
5) None of these

27. Which of the following subjects does C teach?
1) English
2) Botany
3) Physics
4) Hindi
5) None of these

28. Who likes Banana?
1) E
2) D
3) B
4) F
5) None of these

29. Which of the following fruits does A like?
1) Guava
2) Grapes
3) Orange
4) Mango
5) None of these

30. Which of the following combinations is correct?
1) C – Botany – Apple
2) B – Hindi – Grapes
3) D – Botany – Mango
4) A – Physics – Banana
5) None is correct


Directions (Q.31 – 35): Study the following information carefully and answer the given
questions: 

Meenakshi, Monika, Akshay, Maya, Rohit,Sonali, Saurabh and Rohan are sitting around a square table in such a way that four of them sit at four corners of the square while four sit in the middle of each of the four sides. The ones who sit at the four corners face the centre while those who sit in the middle of the sides face outside. Two females sit in the middle of the sides and two at the corners. Meenakshi sits second to the left of Saurabh. Saurabh sits in the middle of one of the sides. Akshay sits fourth to the right of his wife and his wife is not an immediate neighbour of Meenakshi or Saurabh. Monika sits third to the right of her husband. Monika does not sit at any of the corners. Only Maya sits between Monika and Rohan. Rohan is the husband of Meenakshi. Rohit is a male.

31. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement?
1) No two males are immediate neighbours of each other
2) Saurabh and Rohan do not face each other in the seating arrangement
3) Rohit and Maya are immediate neighbours of each other
4) Sonali is a male and sits diagonally opposite to Rohit
5) Meenakshi sits in the centre of one of the sides of the square table

32. Who amongst the following is Monika’s husband?
1) Akshay
2) Rohan
3) Rohit
4) Sonali
5) cannot be determined

33. How many people sit between Monika and Akshay when counted in anticlockwise direction from Monika?
1) None
2) One
3) Two
4) Three
5) Four

34. Who amongst the following is the wife of Akshay?
1) Maya
2) Sonali
3) Monika
4) Meenakshi
5) Cannot be determined

35. What is the position of Rohit with respect to Akshay?
1) Immediate left
2) Second to the left
3) Third to the right
4) Immediate right
5) Second to the right

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