Current Affairs

National Territories Union – Territories in India

CAPITAL TERRITORY- DELHI

Area:1,483 sq.km.
Capital:Delhi
No. of Districts:9
Population:13,782,976 (2001)
Growth rate:46.31% (1991-2001)
Density per sq.km.:9,294
Sex ratio:821 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:81.82%
Males:87.37%
Females:75.00%
Principal Languages:Hindi,  Punjabi & Urdu.
Legislature: Unicameral
Location : Delhi lying in the Northern part of the country,is surrounded by Haryana on all sides except the Eastwhere it borders with Uttar Pradesh. It has become theNational Capital Territory in 1991.


ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS

Area:8,249 sq.km.
Capital:Port Blair
No. of Districts:2
Population:356,256 (2001)
Growth rate:26.94% (1991-2001)
Density per sq.km.:43
Sex ratio:846 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:81.18%
Males:86.07%
Females:75.29%
Principal Languages : Nicobarese, Hindi, Bengali,  Tamil,Telugu & Malayalam.
Legislature:None

Location : The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of more than 3000 islands out of which 265 are uninhabited. The Andaman Islands lie in the Bay of Bengal 1,255 km from Kolkata & 1,190 km from Chennai. The islands are 193 km from Cape Negrais in Burma. Fivelarge islands grouped together are called the Great Andamans & to the South is the Island of Little Andaman. There are some 204 islets,  the 2 principal groups being the Ritchie Archipelago and the Labyrinth Islands. The total area is about 6,408 sq km. The Great Andaman group is about 467 km long & at the widest, 51 km broad.  The Nicobar Islands are situated to the South of the Andamans,  121 km from Little Andaman. There are 19islands,  7 uninhabited,  with a total area of 1, 841 sq km. The islands are usually divided into three sub-groups(southern, central and northern), the chief islands in each being. respectively,  Great Nicobar, Camotra withNancowrie & Car Nicobar. There is a fine landlockedharbour between the islands of Camotra & Nancowrie,known as Nancowrie Harbour.

CHANDIGARH

Area:114 sq.km.
Capital:Chandigarh
Growth rate:40.33% (1991-2001)
Density per sq.km.:7,903
Population:900,914 (2001)
Sex ratio:773 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:81.76%
Males:85.65%
Females:76.65%
Principal Languages:Hindi, Punjabi and English
Legislature:None

Location : Chandigarh is in the Foot hills of Shivalik hillsand is the most beautiful city in India. The city was createdby French architect, Le Corbusier. Chandigarh is thecapital of both Punjab & Haryana states. It is boundedon North and West by Punjab and on the East and Southby Haryana.


DADRA AND NAGAR HAVELI

Area:491 sq.km.
Capital:Silvassa
Growth rate:59.20% (1991-2001)
Density per sq.km.:449
Population:220,451 (2001)
Sex ratio:811 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:60.03%
Males:73.32%
Females:42.99%
Principal Languages:Gujarati and Hindi.
Legislature:None

Location : The Union Territory is located between Gujaratand Maharashtra. Vapi,  located 15 km away from Silvassa,is the nearest railway station.

DAMAN AND DIU

Area:112 sq.km.
Capital:Daman
No. of Districts:2
Population:158,059 (2001)
Growth rate:55.59% (1991-2001)
Density per sq.km.:1,411
Sex ratio:709 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:81.09%
Males:88.40%
Females:70.37%
Principal Language:Gujarati

Location : Daman lies on the Gujarat Coast,  193 km Northof Mumbai,  while Diu lies off the South-East coast ofKathiawar in Gujarat. The two are located on the Westcoast of India in the Arabian Sea.

LAKSHA DWEEP

Area:32 sq km.
Growth rate:17.19% (1991-2001)
Capital:Kavaratti
Density per sq.km.:1,894
Population:60,595 (2001)
Sex ratio:947 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:87.52%
Males:93.15%
Females:81.56%
Principal Language:Malayalam & English.
Legislature:None

Location : Lakshadweep lies about 220 to 440 kms fromthe coastal city of Cochin inKerala. It is an archipelagoconsisting of 12 atolls, three reefs and five sub mergedbanks. Out of its 36 Islands covering an area of 32 sq.kms.only 10 are inhabited.

PONDICHERRY

Area:492 sq km.
Population:973,829 (2001)
Capital:Pondicherry
Growth rate:20.56% (1991-2001)
No. of Districts:4
Density per sq.km.:2,029
Sex ratio:1,001 (per 1000 males)
Literacy rate:81.49%
Males:88.89%
Females:74.13%
Legislature:Unicameral;
Principal Languages : Tamil,French,  Telugu,  Malayalam and English.

Location : The Union Territory of Pondicherryen compasses an area of only 492 sq.km. with Pondicherry town and its villages covering 293 sq.km. surrounded bythe South Arcot District, Karaikal town and its villagescovering 160 sq.km. surrounded by Thanjavur District,Mahe and its villages covering 9 sq.km. surrounded bythe Kerala State and Yanam covering 30 sq.km. within the East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh. Pondicherrylies 162 km Wouth of Chennai and 22 km North of Cuddalore. Karaikal is 150 km of South of Pondicherry.Yanam is 840 kms North-East of Pondicherry Mahe is 653kms away on the West Coast.

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Mallikarjuna

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